Sodium is used in: sodium chloride as table salt, sodium nitrate is an ingredient in gunpowder and sodium is important for all living organisms. Sodium Metal: Facts, Dangers And Safety Precautions. An electric current and sodium vapor combine to form a yellowish glow. Pottery. Sodium is highly reactive. Ethanol (due to the presence of active hydrogen atom, C base 2H base 5 – O - H) reacts with sodium metal, while ether and benzene have no such hydrogen atom and hence do not react with sodium and thus can be dried by metallic sodium. In sealed, brown glass bottles filled with nonpolar, inert solvent like petroleum. —Gt. D. phenol. Sodium is the most common of them and it is a major component of table salt which is a compound with Chlorine.And it is found in Sodium hydroxide which is a strong base and used in lye. Sodium metal also floats on water. Sodium metasilicate is a member of the sodium compound family, according to the International Programme on Chemical Safety 1 2. Municipal water treatment facilities use sodium hydroxide to control water acidity and to help remove heavy metals from water. Sodium metal is one of the alkali metals which are soft and reactive and have relatively low melting points. Sodium Hydroxide in Food Production. At room temperature, sodium metal is soft enough that you can cut it with a butter knife. This principle is used for the making of sodium … Sodium is used as a catalyst to make artificial rubber. Metal salts used included the sulfates and/or chlorides of copper, cobalt, iron, nickel, and manganese. Salt (sodium chloride, NaCl) and soda (sodium carbonate, Na 2 CO 3) had been known since prehistoric times, the former used as a flavouring and preservative, and the latter for glass manufacture.Salt came from seawater, while soda came from the Natron Valley in Egypt or from the ash of certain plants. A highly reactive element, sodium (Na) belongs to the alkali metals family which consists of elements such as lithium (Li), and makes up the first group of the periodic table. While sodium carries an atomic number of 11, it is soft, and has a light silver-white colour. The combination of an electric current and sodium vapor produces a yellowish glow in street lamps. Science defines sodium as a chemical element that can be represented with the symbol Na; its Latin name is natrium, hence the symbol. They do not occur in a free metallic state in nature as they are too reactive. Answer. Sodium metal can be used for the drying of? The pure metal is stored in oil or kerosene because it spontaneously ignites in water. Sodium is very reactive. Sodium is a silvery-white metal belonging to Group 1 of the Periodic Table, which is the alkali metals group. A catalyst is a substance used to speed up or slow down a chemical reaction without undergoing any change itself. Present all over the world, sodium is notably the second most abundant element dissolved in seawater. Sodium hydroxide is also used to produce sodium hypochlorite, a water disinfectant. A very basic compound, sodium metasilicate is used in a variety of industrial and household settings 2.While it is a cleaning and de-rusting solution, it is highly corrosive and should be handled with care. It is also used to create a crackle effect in pottery, usually wheel-thrown. Petroleum prevents sodium from oxidizing. Sodium: a soft silvery-white metal. Tinted glass keeps sunlight away to prevent any photochemical reactions. Potassium is used in: fertilizers, potassium hydroxide is used in detergents and potassium bromide is a chemical used in photography. Sodium silicate is used as a deflocculant in casting slips helping reduce viscosity and the need for large amounts of water to liquidize the clay body. Sodium metal is used as a catalyst in this reaction. 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